Effect of Islamic Work Ethics on Employee Well-Being, Job Stress and Turnover Intention

Maaz ud Din, Saad Farooq


This study is focused on to investigate the effects of Islamic work ethics on employee well-being, job stress and turnover intention. Adopted questionnaire was used to collect data, from 201 Government School teachers of Peshawar District, Pakistan. Simple linear regression model was used to identify the effects of Islamic work ethic on employee well-being, job stress and turnover intention. Results show that Islamic work ethics has significant effect on employee well-being whereas insignificant effect on turnover intention and job stress. This paper also provides basic information regarding the amount of work carried on Islamic work ethics in business organizations of Pakistan mainly in education sector of Peshawar District, Pakistan.

Full Text:



Abu-Saad,I. (2003). The work values of Arab teachers in Israel in a Multicultural context. Journal of Beliefs & Values, 24(1), 39–51.

Ahmad, A. & Schimmel, A., (1971). An intellectual history of Islam in India. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 91(2), 334-342.

Ajmal, M. U., & Irfan, S. (2014). Understanding the moderating role of Islamic work ethics between job stress and work outcomes. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 16(1), 62–67.

Ali, A. (1988). Scaling an Islamic work ethic. The Journal of Social Psychology, 128(5), 575–583.

Ali, A. J., & Al-Owaihan A. (2008). Islamic work ethic: A critical review. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 15(1), 5–19.

Beekun, R. I., & Badawi, J. A. (2005). Balancing ethical responsibility among multiple organizational stakeholders: The Islamic perspective. Journal of Business Ethics, 60(2), 131–145.

Fehring, R. J., Brennan, P. F., & Keller, M. L. (1987). Psychological and spiritual well- being in college students. Research in Nursing & Health, 10(6), 391–398.

Furnham, A. (1991). The Protestant work ethic in Barbados. The Journal of Social Psychology, 131(1), 29–43.

Furnham, A., & Muhiudeen, C. (1984). The Protestant work ethic in Britain and Malaysia. The Journal of Social Psychology, 122(2), 157–161.

Glazer, S., Daniel, S. C., & Short, K. M. (2004). A study of the relationship between organizational commitment and human values in four countries. Human Relations, 57(3), 323–345.

Hair, J. F. Jr., Babin, B., Money, A. H., & Samouel, P. (2003). Essential of Business Research Methods. John Wiley & Sons: United States of America.

Horner & Hollingsworth (1978). Affective commitment and intent to quit: The impact of work and non-work related issues. Journal of Managerial Issues, 18, 512- 529.

Johnson, O. A. (1984). Ethics Selection from Classical and Contemporary Writers. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winsto.

Kidron, A. (1978). Work values and organizational commitment. Academy of Management Journal, 21(2), 239–247.

Koenig, H. G., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (2004). Handbook of religion and health. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12(3), 332.

Long, B. C. (1995). Stress in the Work Place: ERIC Digest.

Mirels, H. L., & Garrett, J. B. (1971). The Protestant ethics as a personality variable. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 36(1), 40–44.

Parker, D. F. & DeCotiis, T. A. (1983). Organizational determinants of job stress. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 32, 160-167.

Rehman, N. M., Muhammad, N., & Othman, A. S. (2006). The relationship between Islamic work ethics and organizational commitment: A case analysis. Malaysian Management Review,41(1), 79–89

Rice, Gillian. (1999) "Islamic ethics and the implications for business." Journal ofbusiness ethics 18.4: 345-358.

Rokhman, W. (2010). The effect of Islamic work ethics on work outcomes, Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies, 15:1.

Ryffs, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 69(4), 719–727

Sekaran, U. (2003). Research Methods for Business: A Skill Approach. New Jersey: John Willey and Sons, Inc.

Shakil, M. A. (2011). Work ethics: An Islamic prospective. International Journal of Human Sciences. 8:1.

Weber, M. (1958). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.

Whittington, M., & Nord, W. R. (2003). Book review essay: Revisiting the meaning of meaningful work. Academy of Management Review, 28(3), 508–512.

Yousef, D. A. (2001). Islamic work ethic: A moderator between organizational commitment and job satisfaction in a cross-cultural context. Personnel Review, 30(2), 152–169.

Yousef, D. A. (2000). The Islamic work ethic as a mediator of the relationship between locus of control, role conflict and role ambiguity: A study in an Islamic country setting. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 15(4), 283–298.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 2414-2336