THE PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS PARAMETERS TO EXERCISE IN PREDIABETIC POPULATION: AN EXPERIMENTAL PRE- POST DESIGN

Z Shah, I Shah, O Malik, F Fayyaz

Abstract


Background: The cardiorespiratory fitness in prediabetic population at pre- and post-interventional stage after 8 weeks of moderate intensity exercise was determined. This study is part of PhD project and carried out in Physiology department, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan. Methods: It was an experimental study design. Adult prediabetics (n=50), 22 females and 28 males of 18 to 35y age group were included in the study. Diagnosis of prediabetes was made with HbA1c falling in the range of 5.7– 6.4%, and fasting blood glucose (100-125mg/dL). Cardiorespiratory fitness parameters (Ventilation, oxygen consumed during exercise VO2, carbon dioxide exhaled VCO2, metabolic equivalents (ME), heart rate (HR), heart rate reserve (HRR), rate of carbohydrate oxidation (RCHO), fat oxidation (RFO) and energy expenditure (EE)) were determined at pre- and post-exercise intervention using breath-by-breath analyzer. The participants performed moderate exercise protocol of 30 min with HRmax% of 70 ± 5% for 5 days a week for 8 weeks during their leisure time, monitored with pedometers. Results: The results showed a significant improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness parameters at post exercise analysis.  Similar changes were observed for fasting blood glucose (P value < 0.001)  and HbA1c (P value < 0.001).Conclusion: Moderate physical activity for 8 weeks showed significant Improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness parameters and glycemic status of patients with prediabetes.


Keywords


Exercise, Prediabetes, glycemic status, cardiorespiratory fitness.

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References


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