PREVALENCE OF SKIN PROBLEMS AND IMPACT ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN YOUNG SWIMMERS

Dr. Shahzaman Khan, Sumera Sattar, Shabab Fatima

Abstract


Background: A cross-sectional research design was used to measure the prevalence of skin problems among competing swimmers and to measure the effect of skin problems on swimming and overall quality of life. Methods: A total number of 42 swimmers participated in this study. A semi-structured questionnaire was developed to identify self-reported skin problems and their relationship to the perceived pool environment. Effect of skin problems on the quality of life was also measured. Data analysis was done using Chi-Square, Pearson Correlation and ANOVA.  A total number of 42 male and female swimmers with a mean age of 20.0 participated in this study. Results: There were 45.2% male and 54.8% female swimmers. The majority of the participants (52.4%) were 3rd year students. Overall prevalence of skin problems in the last one year was 78.6% with 16.7% cases of athlete’s foot, 9.5% cases of ear infections, 9.5% cases of eczema, 85% cases of itching, 50% cases of rashes and only 2.4% cases of warts. There were 42.9% participants, who perceived swimming pool as the cause of their skin problems. Only 33.3% participants received treatment for their skin problems. Only 28.6% reported having complications because of skin problems like getting hospitalized in 9.5% cases. Only a few participants reported having an effect on their quality of life i.e. missing out training (19%) and missing out participation in an upcoming competition (11.9%). Chi-Square revealed significant differences (p=0.000) between the prevalence of skin problems of male and female swimmers. A significant positive relationship (r=0.048) was found between perceived swimming pool environment and skin problems. There was no significant effect of skin problems on the quality of life (p=0.208) of male and female swimmers. Conclusion: Significant differences between the prevalence of skin problems of male and female swimmers was observed. Female swimmers experienced skin problems more frequently as compared to the male swimmers.  


Keywords


Skin Problems, Quality of Life, Competing Swimmers, Pool Environment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alexis, A. F., Sergay, A. B., & Taylor, S. C. (2007). Common dermatologic disorders in skin of color: a comparative practice survey. Cutis, 80(5), 387–394.

Ayer, J., & Burrows, N. (2006). Acne: more than skin deep. Postgraduate medical journal, 82(970), 500–506. https://doi.org/10.1136/pgmj.2006.045377

Crawford F. Abboud, J., Cogan, C. M., Poisson, L. M., Eide, M. J., Shwayder, T. A., & Lim, H. W. (2009). Athlete's foot. BMJ clinical evidence, 2009, 1712.

Dlova, N. C., Akintilo, L. O., & Taylor, S. C. (2019). Prevalence of pigmentary disorders: A cross-sectional study in public hospitals in Durban, South Africa. International journal of women's dermatology, 5(5), 345–348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijwd.2019.07.002

Dogra, S., & Kumar, B. (2003). Epidemiology of skin diseases in school children: a study from northern India. Pediatric dermatology, 20(6), 470–473. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1470.2003.20602.x

Dolivet G. (2008). Medical aspects of ocean sailing preparation of pleasure boat owners using personal experience. Th. Med. Brest, France. Available at: http://www.medmer-for mation.com/bibliographie. Accessed November 2008.

Kannan P, Janaki C and Selvi GS (2006): Prevalence of dermatophytes and other fungal agents isolated from clinical samples. Indian J Med Microbiol., 24(3): 212-215.

Khatami, A., & San Sebastian, M. (2009). Skin disease: a neglected public health problem. Dermatologic clinics, 27(2), 99–v. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.det.2008.11.011

Martins N, Ferreira IC, Barros L, Silva S and Henriques M (2014): Candidiasis, predisposing factors, prevention, diagnosis and alternative treatment, Mycopathologia, 177(5-6): 223-40.

Nweze EI and Okafor JI (2005): Prevalence of dermatophytic fungal infections in children, A recent study in Ambara state, Nigeria. Mycopathologia, 160: 239-243.

Onayemi, O., Isezuo, S. A., & Njoku, C. H. (2005). Prevalence of different skin conditions in an outpatients' setting in north-western Nigeria. International journal of dermatology, 44(1), 7–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-4632.2004.02298.x

Paek, S. Y., Koriakos, A., Saxton-Daniels, S., & Pandya, A. G. (2012). Skin diseases in rural Yucatan, Mexico. International journal of dermatology, 51(7), 823–828. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-4632.2011.05190.x

Rushton, D. H., Norris, M. J., Dover, R., & Busuttil, N. (2002). Causes of hair loss and the developments in hair rejuvenation. International journal of cosmetic science, 24(1), 17–23. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0412-5463.2001.00110.x

Stenveld H. (2012). Allergic to pool water. Safety and health at work, 3(2), 101–103. https://doi.org/10.5491/SHAW.2012.3.2.101

Vaile, Louise & Finlay, Fiona & Sharma, Sujata. (2003). Should verrucas be covered while swimming?. Archives of disease in childhood. 88. 236-7. 10.1136/adc.88.3.236

Yang, Y. C., Cheng, Y. W., Lai, C. S., & Chen, W. (2007). Prevalence of childhood acne, ephelides, warts, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, alopecia areata and keloid in Kaohsiung County, Taiwan: a community-based clinical survey. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV, 21(5), 643–649. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3083.2006.02036.x

Zaraa I, Hawilo A, Aounallah A, Trojjet S, El Euch D, Mokni M and Osman AB (2013): Inflammatory Tinea capitus, a 12-year study and a review of the literature, Mycoses, 56(2): 110-6.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ISSN 2520-7814