Fakiha Wadiat, Reema Aman, Marrium Bashir


Healthful life, healthy lifestyle and regular participation in exercises are closely associated with each other. Inactive and idle lifestyle renders the person liable to several ailments and fatal diseases. To explore the relationship between attainment and maintenance of good health and exercises is the focal point of this study. To determine the effects of high-intensity aerobic exercises on the Resting heart rate (RHR) as well as the Body Mass Index (BMI) is the prime objective of the in-hand research study in perspectives of the participants. RHR is one of the most reliable indicators of health and fitness whereas BMI is used as the gauge for measuring body composition. Since it was an experimental research study, therefore, volunteer girls’ athletes n=46 (EG=23; CG=23) from Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan were included in the study. Before the start of treatment, the pre-test data in perspectives of the RHR and BMI in respect of the respondents were taken and recorded accordingly. Respondents included in an experimental were undergo the treatment of high-intensity aerobic exercises at 65-80% of the Maximum heart rate (MHR) for six weeks, 40 minutes per session and four times a week. After the specially designed six weeks’ exercises protocol, a reduction in RHR, decrease in BMI was recorded in the experimental group (p<0.05. The findings of the present study indicated a positive control in the onset of heart diseases particularly, among those who are overweight.


High intensity, aerobic, exercise, girls, athletes

Full Text:



Biddle, S. J., & Asare, M. (2011). Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews. British journal of sports medicine, 45(11), 886-895.

Böhm, M., Swedberg, K., Komajda, M., Borer, J. S., Ford, I., Dubost-Brama, A., ... & SHIFT investigators. (2010). Heart rate as a risk factor in chronic heart failure (SHIFT): the association between heart rate and outcomes in a randomised placebo-controlled trial. The Lancet, 376(9744), 886-894.

Bryner, R. W., Ullrich, I. H., Sauers, J., Donley, D., Hornsby, G., Kolar, M., & Yeater, R. (2009). Effects of resistance vs. aerobic training combined with an 800 calorie liquid diet on lean body mass and resting metabolic rate. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 18(2), 115-121.

Buttar, H. S., Li, T., & Ravi, N. (2005). Prevention of cardiovascular diseases: Role of exercise, dietary interventions, obesity and smoking cessation. Experimental & Clinical Cardiology, 10(4), 229.

Chaitman, B., Eckel, R., Fleg, J., Froelicher, V. F., Leon, A. S., Pina, I. L., ... & Bazzarre, T. (2001). Exercise standards for testing and training. Circulation, 104, 1694-1740.

Chodzko-Zajko, W. J., Proctor, D. N., Singh, M. A. F., Minson, C. T., Nigg, C. R., Salem, G. J., & Skinner, J. S. (2009). Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Medicine & science in sports & exercise, 41(7), 1510-1530.

Cooney, M. T., Vartiainen, E., Laakitainen, T., Juolevi, A., Dudina, A., & Graham, I. M. (2010). Elevated resting heart rate is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease in healthy men and women. American heart journal, 159(4), 612-619.

Fosbøl, E. L., Seibæk, M., Brendorp, B., Moller, D. V., Thune, J. J., Gislason, G. H., ... & Køber, L. (2010). Long-term prognostic importance of resting heart rate in patients with left ventricular dysfunction in connection with either heart failure or myocardial infarction: the DIAMOND study. International journal of cardiology, 140(3), 279-286.

Garland, T., Schutz, H., Chappell, M. A., Keeney, B. K., Meek, T. H., Copes, L. E., ... & Kotz, C. M. (2011). The biological control of voluntary exercise, spontaneous physical activity and daily energy expenditure in relation to obesity: human and rodent perspectives. Journal of Experimental Biology, 214(2), 206-229.

Jensen, M. T., Suadicani, P., Hein, H. O., & Gyntelberg, F. (2013). Elevated resting heart rate, physical fitness and all-cause mortality: a 16-year follow-up in the Copenhagen Male Study. Heart, 99(12), 882-887.

Nelson, M. E., Rejeski, W. J., Blair, S. N., Duncan, P. W., Judge, J. O., King, A. C., ... & Castaneda-Sceppa, C. (2007). Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Circulation, 116(9), 1094.

Osadchii, O. E. (2014). Reduced intrinsic heart rate is associated with reduced arrhythmic susceptibility in guinea-pig heart. Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, 48(6), 357-367.

Plews, D. J., Laursen, P. B., Kilding, A. E., & Buchheit, M. (2012). Heart rate variability in elite triathletes, is variation in variability the key to effective training? A case comparison. European journal of applied physiology, 112(11), 3729-3741.

Sharashova, E., Wilsgaard, T., Mathiesen, E. B., Løchen, M. L., Njølstad, I., & Brenn, T. (2016). Resting heart rate predicts incident myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, ischaemic stroke and death in the general population: the Tromsø Study. J Epidemiol Community Health, 70(9), 902-909.

Strong, W. B., Malina, R. M., Blimkie, C. J., Daniels, S. R., Dishman, R. K., Gutin, B., ... & Rowland, T. (2005). Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth. The Journal of pediatrics, 146(6), 732-737.

Thayer, J. F., & Lane, R. D. (2007). The role of vagal function in the risk for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Biological psychology, 74(2), 224-242.

Thelle, D. S., Selmer, R., Gjesdal, K., Sakshaug, S., Jugessur, A., Graff-Iversen, S., ... & Nystad, W. (2013). Resting heart rate and physical activity as risk factors for lone atrial fibrillation: a prospective study of 309 540 men and women. Heart, 99(23), 1755-1760.

Verschuren, O., Peterson, M. D., Balemans, A. C., & Hurvitz, E. A. (2016). Exercise and physical activity recommendations for people with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 58(8), 798-808.

Wareham, N. J., van Sluijs, E. M., & Ekelund, U. (2005). Physical activity and obesity prevention: a review of the current evidence. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 64(2), 229-247.

World Health Organization. (1995). Constitution of the world health organization.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 2520-7814