Farooq Hussain, Dr. Salim ullah Khan, Dr. Riasat Ali


The aim of the study is to investigate difference in levels of pre-competition anxiety in athletes of both sexes. The components of pre competitive anxiety was assessed by using the instrument (Urdu version) of competitive state anxiety inventory -2 (CSAI-2) Martens, Vealeyand Burton (1990) was a set of questionnaire consisting of 27 items equally divided into 3-sub scales of cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety & self-confidence. The subjects (N=720), included male (360) & female (360) athletes of team sports (games), Volley ball, Basket Ball, Hand Ball and individual sports (games), Table Tennis (single), Badminton (single) & athletics with age 16-27 years. The CSAI-2 was administered one hour before the competition. Results were analyzed using student t-test.

These findings showed no significant difference in cognitive anxiety and self-confidences however, significant difference was observed in somatic anxiety level among male and female subjects.


Anxiety, athletes, gender, pre-competitive, somatic, cognitive.

Full Text:



Burton, D. (1988). Do anxious swimmers swim slower? Reexamining the elusive anxiety-performance relationship.Journal of sports and exercise psychology, 10, 45-61.

Caruso, C.M., Dzewaltowski, D.A., Gill, D.L., & MC Elroy, M.A. (1990).Psychological and Physiological changes in competitive state anxiety during non-competition and competitive success and failure.Journal of sports and exercise Psychology, 12, 06-20.

Davidson, R. J. & Schwartz, G.E (1976).The psychobiology of relaxation and related states: A multi-process theory. In D.I. motofsky (Ed.), Behavior control and modification of psychological activity. Englewood cliffs, NJ: Prentice hall.

Freud, S. (1926). Inhibition symptoms and anxiety. London: Hogarth Press.

Hackford, D. &Schwenikmezger, P. (1989).Measuring anxiety in sports: Perspectives and problems. In D.Hackford and C. D. Speilberger (Ed.), Anxiety in sports: An international perspective (pp.55-74) Washington, D.C.: Hamisphere.

Hardy, L., Jones, J. G., & Gould, D. (1996).Understanding physiological preparation for sports: Theory and practice of elite performers. Chichester; Wiley.

Hálfdanardóttir, B. F. (2016). Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Athletes and Their Attitudes Towards These Problems. University of Iceland, Iceland.

Jones, G., & Swain, A. (1992).Relationship between sports achievements, orientation and competitive state anxiety.Sports Psychologist, 6, 42-54.

Jones, J.G., &Cale, A. (1989).Pre-competitive temporal patterning of anxiety in self confidence in males and females. Journal of sports behavior, 12,183-195.

Jones, J.G., Cale, A. &Kerwin, D.G. (1985).Multidimensional competitive state anxiety and psychomotor performance.Australian journal of science and medicine, 20, 3-7.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 2520-7814