FEAR OF FAILURE AS A BARRIER TO START-UP AND ITS EFFECTS ON ASPIRANT ENTREPRENEURS
Keywords:Entrepreneurship education, fear of failure, entrepreneurial intention, Pakistan, TPB
Researchers have looked into the theory of planned behaviour from many angles as it has a number of applications. Its role in explaining the entrepreneurial intention has widely been acknowledged. Keeping in view, that the area still needs to be explored. Keeping this need in mind, this article investigates the association between entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial intentions among university students in Pakistan. Besides, the direct relationship between these two constructs, the study also examines the moderating role fear of failure of social embarrassment between the EE-EI link. In all, 223 questionnaires from first- and second-year students were analyzed using hierarchal regression. The prior studies on the EE-EI relationship have mainly focused on the developed economies and have overlooked the potential effect of FF that prevents the university students to create their own venture, even though they take the entrepreneurship course as compulsory subject. Thus, this study fills the gaps in the EI literature and examines the moderating role of FF in the subject relationship in the context of a developing country Pakistan. The findings of the study reveal that EE is positively and significantly linked with the EI. The findings also report that FF negatively moderates the well-established link between EE and EI. The study provides several avenues for future research on EI and EE.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Submission of an original manuscript to the Journal will be taken to mean that it represents original work not previously published, that it is not being considered elsewhere for publication. And if accepted for publication, it will be published in print and online and it will not be published elsewhere.
The journal main policy reflects in its stance that the publication of scholarly research is exclusively meant to disseminate knowledge and not-for-purposes.
Sarhad Journal of Management Sciences is published by Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology Peshawar. This copyright statement entails that all contents (including text, tables, graphs, images, or any materials that is part and parcel of a research article submitted to the journal) belong to/ property of the person who owned it prior to submission this journal. Publication of the submitted article will not affect the ownership of copyright of the subject materials. SJMS and its users benefit from a general licence over all content submitted under a Creative Commons CC-BY licence over all content. However, content which is not part of the submitted article, is the property of SJMS. In a nutshell, the combination of all content on the SJMS website, the look and feel of the website, is the property of Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology Peshawar.
As an author or contributor, you grant permission to others to reproduce your articles, including any graphics and third-party materials supplied by you, in accordance with the SJMS Terms and Conditions. The licence granted to third parties over all contents of each article, including third-party elements, is a Creative Commons Attribution ("CC BY") licence. The current version is CC-BY, version 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), and the licence will automatically be updated as and when updated by the Creative Commons organisation.
You may include a requirement to reproduce copyright notices but you may not restrict the right to reproduce the entire article, including third-party graphics. This means that you must obtain any necessary third-party consents and permissions to reproduce third-party materials in your articles submitted to SJMS.
Copyright Statement updated September 13, 2022.