Going Beyond Uniplex Ties: Aan Analysis of Multiple Network Ties on Job Satisfaction


  • Madiha Shafique Dar Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University, Quetta
  • Kamal Badar University of Balochistan, Quetta
  • Syed Gohar Abbas Sarhad University of Science & IT, Peshawar


Job Satisfaction, Multiple Networks, Multiple Friendship-Hindrance Network, Network Degree Centrality, Job Descriptive Index (JDI)


Multiple networks are overlooked in previous research studies and not much attention is given to the occurrences of such relational ties. By imprinting the concept of social ledger, the paper suggests that multiple networks can exist in combination of both positive and negative ties i.e. potential benefits and liabilities can be derived within a social relation. The study explores to identify how multiple friendship-hindrance network centrality (indgree and outdegree) affect an employee’s job satisfaction level. A sociometric and traditional questionnaire is used to collect data from 131 employees at the Quetta head office of a premier telecommunication company. Data is analyzed using UCINET VI and SPSS software. The finding indicates that indegree centrality of friendship-hindrance network is negatively associated with job satisfaction. The consequence of these ties is due to the interplay of social and instrumental relation which commonly operates in today working environment. Therefore, the study proposed that negative repercussions should be handled in a productive and optimal manner so that the impediments may not impel the positives of a relationship.

Author Biographies

Kamal Badar, University of Balochistan, Quetta

Assisatan Professor

Syed Gohar Abbas, Sarhad University of Science & IT, Peshawar

Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration


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