Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment Between Occupational Stress and Turnover Intention in Pakistani Universities

Madiha Khan, Nazim Ali, Shafiq ur Rehman, Shabir Ahmad


The prime objective of theresearch is to study the mediating role of organizational commitment (OC) between the relationship of occupational stress and turnover intention (TI) among university teaching staff in Malakand Division, Pakistan. Data were collected from 186 faculty members working in government universities of Malakand division which was analyzed using SPSS and AMOS. The results showed a significant positive relationship of psychological and physiological stress withTI s and negative with OC. Furthermore, OC mediated the relationship between psychological and physiological stress and TI.


Organizational commitment, Stress, Turnover, Pakistan, Academics

Full Text:



Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of occupational and organizational psychology, 63(1), 1-18.

Applebaum, D., Fowler, S., Fiedler, N., Osinubi, O., & Robson, M. (2010). The impact of environmental factors on nursing stress, job satisfaction, and TI . The Journal of nursing administration, 40, 323.

Beehr, T.A., Jex, S.M., & Ghosh, P. (2001). The management of occupational stress. In Johnson, C.M., Redmon, W.K., &Mahwhinney, T.C. (Eds.), Handbook of Organizational Performance: Behavior Analysis and Management. New York: The Haworth Press.

Blau, G. J. (1987). Locus of control as a potential moderator of the turnover process. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 60(1), 21-29.

Boyas, J., & Wind, L. H. (2010). Employment-based social capital, job stress, and employee burnout: A public child welfare employee structural model. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(3), 380-388.

Cammann C., Fichman M., Jenkins D., Klesh J. (1979). The Michigan organizational assessment questionnaire. Unpublished manuscript, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Chen, M. F., Lin, C. P., & Lien, G. Y. (2011). Modelling job stress as a mediating role in predicting TI . The Service Industries Journal, 31(8), 1327-1345.

Cox, T., Griffiths, A., Rial-González, E. (2000). Research on Work-Related Stress. European Agency for Safety & Health at Work, Belgium, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities

French, J. R. P., Jr., Kaplan, R. D., and Van Harrison, R. (1982). The Mechanics of Job Stress. New York: Wiley.

Gillespie, N. A., Walsh, M. H. W. A., Winefield, A. H., Dua, J., &Stough, C. (2001). Occupational stress in universities: Staff perceptions of the causes, consequences and moderators of stress. Work & stress, 15(1), 53-72.

Gmelch, W. H., Lovrich, N. P., &Wilke, P. K. (1984). Sources of stress in academe: A national perspective. Research in Higher Education, 20(4), 477-490.

Hsieh, H. L., Huang, L. C., & Su, K. J. (2004). Work stress and job performance in the hi-tech industry: a closer view for vocational education. Analysis, 1000, 2-26.

Ilies, R., Dimotakis, N., & De Pater, I. E. (2010). Psychological and physiological reactions to high workloads: implications for well‐being. Personnel Psychology, 63(2), 407-436.

Karasek, R., & Theorell, T. (1990). Healthy work. Stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life. New York: Basic Books Inc.

Lambert, E. G., &Paoline, E. A. (2008). The influence of individual, job, and organizational characteristics on correctional staff job stress, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. Criminal Justice Review, 33(4), 541-564.

Layne, C. M., Hohenshil, T. H., & Singh, K. (2004). The relationship of occupational stress, psychological strain, and coping resources to the TI s of rehabilitation counselors. Rehabilitation counseling bulletin, 48(1), 19-30.

Lee, A. J. (2007). Organizational justice: A mediated model from individual well-being and social exchange theory perspectives (Doctoral dissertation, Touro University International).

Noor, S., &Maad, N. (2009). Examining the relationship between work life conflict, stress and TI s among marketing executives in Pakistan. International journal of Business and Management, 3(11), 93.

Robbins, S. P. & Judge, T. A. (2013). OrganisationalBehaviour, (15th Ed). Pearson.

Sales, S. M., & House, J. (1971). Job dissatisfaction as a possible risk factor in coronary heart disease. Journal of chronic diseases, 23(12), 861-873.

Seaward, B.L. (2005). Managing stress: Principals & strategies for health & well-being, Sudbury, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

Taris, T. W., Schreurs, P. J., & Van Iersel-Van Silfhout, I. J. (2001). Job stress, job strain, and psychological withdrawal among Dutch university staff: towards a dualprocess model for the effects of occupational stress. Work & Stress, 15(4), 283-296.

Thorsen, E. J. (1996). Stress in academe: What bothers professors?. Higher Education, 31(4), 471-489

Winefield, A. H., & Jarrett, R. (2001). Occupational stress in university staff. International journal of stress management, 8(4), 285-298.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 2414-2336 (Print), ISSN 2523-2525 (Online)