Participatory Development and its Impact on Poverty, Vulnerability and Social Exclusion in Baluchistan

Abdul Rasheed


This paper evaluates the impacts of Baluchistan Area development program in
terms of reduction of rural poverty, vulnerability and social exclusion in the selected regions of Baluchistan (Pakistan). Using the participatory approach, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected by impact surveys. Then they were categorized and analyzed by applying descriptive ordinal scale technique in such a way as to reach the distributional impact. The key findings confirm durability and relevancy of some interventions for effective reducing of poverty; vulnerability and social exclusion but some were found less effective in the context of study. Basic physical infrastructure in social sector such as water supplies, dames, water channels were found more productive putting the positive effect on the well-being of beneficiaries. Positive linkage in the
reduction of poverty, vulnerability and social exclusion was found with different degrees of impact on different segments of population. Finally, the study concludes program's overall temporary positive impact on above three correlated concepts of poverty. But has found it insignificant for durable development as such suggests measures to strengthen the impact of certain interventions by getting them more innovative through strong and viable community organizations.


Cross-sectoral interventions, Participatory approach, Social exclusion, Vulnerability

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