WHETHER SHORT-TERM EXPERIENCE CAN ENHANCE PERCEPTUAL-MOTOR LEARNING IN A MOVING (VEHICULAR) GAP INTERCEPTION TASK

M Azam, A Ali, H. C. Chung

Abstract


Background: Accurate perceptual judgment and skilful movement coordination are required to perform sports specific or everyday perceptual-motor tasks. In ball catching, for example, a catcher must judge the spatial and temporal aspects of the flying ball and adjust his locomotion according to the changing situation. Likewise, an everyday perceptual-motor task that requires perceptual accuracy and skilful movement coordination is to intercept a gap between moving vehicles as a pedestrian (i.e., road-crossing). Purpose: Experience (both short-term and long-term) is important in learning to perform such everyday perceptual-motor skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of short-term experience on pedestrians’ perceptual decisions and movement coordination in an experimental road-crossing task. Methods: Twenty-two young adults of Kunsan National University participated voluntarily in the experiment and performed a moving gap interception task (road-crossing) in the virtual environment. Results: Participants’ perceptual decisions improved and movement coordination during gap interception enhanced with short-term experience. Conclusion: this study concluded that perception and movement coordination can be calibrated with experience even in short-time scale. Also, perceptual accuracy and enhanced motor-ability is important to increase pedestrians’ safety in road-crossing and in other similar everyday perceptual-motor tasks.


Keywords


Perceptual-Motor Tasks, Gap Interception, Pedestrian, Virtual Environment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Azam, M., Choi, G., & Chung, H. C. (in press, 2020). An HMD-based pedestrian simulator for training and measuring individuals perceptual-motor behaviour in road crossing. International Journal of Human Factors, X(Y), XX.

Chihak, B. J., Grechkin, T. Y., Kearney, J. K., Cremer, J. F., & Plumert, J. M. (2014). How children and adults learn to intercept moving gaps. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 122, 134-152.

Chung, H. C., Choi, G., & Azam, M. (2020). Effects of Initial Starting Distance and Gap Characteristics on Children’s and Young Adults’ Velocity Regulation When Intercepting Moving Gaps. Human factors, 62(6), 1002-1018.

Davids, K., Renshaw, I., & Glazier, P. (2005). Movement models from sports reveal fundamental insights into coordination processes. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 33(1), 36-42.

Dicks, M., Davids, K., & Araujo, D. (2008). Ecological psychology and task representativeness: implications for the design of perceptual-motor training programmes in sport. The Routledge Handbook of Biomechanics and Human Movement Science, 129-139.

Fitch, H., & Turvey, M. T. (1978). On the control of activity: Some remarks from an ecological point of view. Psychology of Motor Behavior and Sport, 3-35.

Gibson, J. J. (2014). The ecological approach to visual perception: classic edition. Psychology Press. First published in 1979.

Lobjois, R., & Cavallo, V. (2007). Age-related differences in street-crossing decisions: The effects of vehicle speed and time constraints on gap selection in an estimation task. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 39(5), 934-943.

Lobjois, R., & Cavallo, V. (2009). The effects of aging on street-crossing behavior: from estimation to actual crossing. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 41(2), 259-267.

O'Neal, E. E., Jiang, Y., Franzen, L. J., Rahimian, P., Yon, J. P., Kearney, J. K., & Plumert, J. M. (2018). Changes in perception–action tuning over long time scales: How children and adults perceive and act on dynamic affordances when crossing roads. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44(1), 18.

Oudejans, R. R., Michaels, C. F., Bakker, F. C., & Dolne, M. A. (1996). The relevance of action in perceiving affordances: Perception of catchableness of fly balls. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22(4), 879.

Oxley, J. A., Ihsen, E., Fildes, B. N., Charlton, J. L., & Day, R. H. (2005). Crossing roads safely: an experimental study of age differences in gap selection by pedestrians. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 37(5), 962-971.

Plumert, J. M., Kearney, J. K., Cremer, J. F., Recker, K. M., & Strutt, J. (2011). Changes in children’s perception-action tuning over short time scales: Bicycling across traffic-filled intersections in a virtual environment. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108(2), 322-337.

Ranganathan, R., & Carlton, L. G. (2007). Perception-action coupling and anticipatory performance in baseball batting. Journal of Motor Behavior, 39(5), 369-380.

Savelsbergh, G. J., & Bootsma, R. J. (1994). Perception-action coupling in hitting and catching. International Journal of Sport Psychology. 25, 331-343.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ISSN 2520-7814