Wasal Khan, Syed Gohar Abbas, Obaid ullah


This study attempted to explore and identify factors that help to promote students’ efficiency in co-curricular activities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The sample consisted of 60 principals/headmasters of schools from all the boys’ high schools of Peshawar City, which included 52 principals from private and 8 from public schools respectively. 120 teachers two from each sample school from both public and private sectors (16 teachers from public and 104 teachers from private schools). Of those 60 schools, a sample of 1200 students was selected, including 160 students from public and 1040 students from private schools. Three separate opinionnaires were used to gather data from principals, teachers and students. The opinionnaires contained items and statements which were structured around eliciting responses from principals, teachers and students about factors that contributed to students’ efficiency. The interviews based on 10 items/statements which were held with 120 parents whose children were in 10th class of the sampled schools. The data were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. In order to be logical and scientific in approach, the analysis was further made meaningful with the application of statistical measures. The data obtained from principals’, teachers’ and students’ revealed a number of areas and factors that contributed to the students’ development.


Community, Efficiency, Factors, Opinionnaires, Parents, Public and Private, Principals, Relationship, Students, Teachers.

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