Dr. Saeed Javed, Dr. Abd Rahim Muhammad, Dr. Mahmood Ahmad, Dr. Abida Naseer


Sport coaching is a fundamental approach in which athletes can enhance their performance working with qualified coaches. Knowledgeable sport coaches not only develop the performance skills in their athletes but also boost their motivation intensity in their players. It has been observed that Pakistani field hockey coaches failed to develop the fitness capabilities as well as technical skills, not to speak of enhancing the performance at national and international arena. The motivation level of the players is not up to the mark as well. The purpose of the study is to find out the association between hockey coaches and motivational intensity with field hockey athletes’ performance. Correlational research design and survey method were employed. Two types of tools were used; questionnaire and field performance tests for the purpose of data collection. Various statistical approaches were padpoted to analyze the survey data such as descriptive statistic, correlation and multiple regressions analyses. A large sample of 296 national field hockey athletes completed the questionnaires and participated in field performance tests practically in the fields of play. The descriptive statistics was employed to calculate the mean and standard deviation of demographic information and to measure the field performance tests. The association of hockey coaches with field hockey athletes’ performance exposed at significant level (p value is 0.000) whereas the correlation between motivational intensity and performance of field hockey athletes exposed at p<0.01. The multiple regression results revealed that hockey coaches and motivational intensity have significant impact on field hockey athletes’ performance and can enhance the performance. It is concluded that Pakistani national field hockey athletes are weaker in their technical dexterities and fitness capabilities. It is also concluded that qualified hockey coaches can overcome the decline in performance and boost the motivation intensity in national field hockey players.


Coaches; Motivation; Athletes; Performance; Pakistan

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