Copyright Agreement

Copyright Agreement

The author(s) herewith grant(s) and assign(s) to the Journal the entire copyright of the contribution, including any and all rights of whatever kind or nature now or hereafter protected by copyright laws. In this regard the author(s) will be required to fill in the Copy Right Form and be sent to the editor at

Authors Rights                                                                 

The Journal grants the author(s) the following non-exclusive rights, subject to condition that proper credit should be given to the original publication:

  1. To reprint or reproduce the contribution, in whole or in part, in any book, article, or other scholarly work of which the author(s) of this article is contributor;
  2. To use it for teaching purposes and will be allowed to make multiple copies for all students, provided that these are to be used solely for the subject purpose;
  3. To post a copy of this publication on the personal or institutional web server, provided that the server is non-commercial and follows the policy of ‘open access to all’; and
  4. To deposit its copy in a non-commercial data repository maintained by the institution that the author(s) is part of.

Author's Undertaking

Author(s) guarantee the Journal the following:

  1. That the contribution is their original work;
  2. That it neither contains defamatory and unlawful content, nor infringes (or may infringe) individual rights to privacy nor infringe any proprietary rights (including copyright);
  3. That the author(s) has(ve) given the rights of publishing this article to the Journal;
  4. That the submitted article has neither been published elsewhere, in whole or in part, nor it is under consideration;
  5. That the author(s) have no conflict of interest whatsoever and will be liable to any claims arising from or related to the breach or inaccuracy of any of the guarantees listed herein; and
  6. That the author(s) is/are cognizant of the COPE (Committee On Publication Ethics) guidelines and practices regarding peer review, role of editors, publishers, and researchers.


The views/opinions (objective or subjective) expressed in this published article are those of the author(s) and neither the editorial team of the Sarhad Journal of Management Sciences nor the publisher (Sarhad University of Science & Information Technology Peshawar) shares any responsibility in this regard. This Journal follows the policy of Open Access and can be shared, adapted, reproduced, reprinted, after appropriate acknowledgements and giving due credit to the author(s) work.