WORKING MOTHERS DILEMMA IN PAKISTAN: ANALYZING THEIR BATTLE WITH WORK, FAMILY DEMANDS AND WELL-BEING

Arif Masih Khokhar, Zekeriya Nas, Muhammad Zia-ur- Rehman

Abstract


Working mothers often are in a dilemma in balancing their work and family lives. Their lives are affected by various work and family demands. Eastern culture imposes a lot of family responsibilities and liabilities on women. The objective of present study was to look into the well-beings of mothers working as nurses and doctors in government hospitals. Specifically, work-family demands such as family involvement, work time demands influencing job satisfaction and life satisfaction. Sample included 187 registered nurses and doctors. Purposive sampling design was used for questionnaire survey with the response rate of 78%. Data were examined by means of SPSS and AMOS software. The results showed that family involvement is positively related to work time demands but negatively related to life satisfaction. Work time demands are negative related to both job and life satisfaction. Job satisfaction and life satisfaction are positively related to each other. Further, mediation relationships were examined by using Hayes Bootstrap procedure for SPSS. The results showed that relationship between family involvement and life satisfaction is not mediated by work time demands. However, the relationship between family involvement and life satisfaction is partially mediated by jointly job satisfaction and work time demands.

Keywords


Family involvement, Job satisfaction, Life satisfaction, Work time demands

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Sarhad Journal of Management Sciences by Sarhad University of Science & Information Technology is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at suit.edu.pk