Comparative Analysis of Financial Performance and Growth of Conventional and Islamic Banks in Pakistan

Ishtiaq Khan, Wali Rahman, Saeedullah Jan, Mushtaq Khan

Abstract


Two types of banking are operating in the world namely conventional and Islamic. Banks offer different types of products and services for the satisfaction of customer for their financial need. Conventional banks were based on interest while Islamic banks based on free interest banking. Financial ratios techniques applied for the evaluation of financial performance of conventional &Islamic banks of Pakistan. Habib Bank Limited (HBL) & Allied Bank Limited (ABL)are typical examples of conventional bank where as Dubai Islamic Bank Limited (DIBL) & Meezan Bank Limited (MBL) was taken as an Islamic bank. Both types of banks included in the study represent whole banking industry of Pakistan. Three (03) years data were collected from Publication of State Bank of Pakistan SBP) “Financial Statement Analysis of Financial Sector of Pakistan 2009-2011”,(annual reports of respective banks, Islamic banking bulletin and their respective official websites. Analysis reflects, the liquidity ratio of Islamic banks appeared higher as compared to conventional banks, while profitability & solvency ratios of conventional banks are higher as compared to Islamic banks. Debt to asset ratio of Islamic banks seems better than conventional banks due to low debt financed. The growth rate of Islamic banks in Pakistan is comparatively higher than conventional banks in the context of new branches. 


Keywords


Islamic Banking, Conventional Bank, Financial Analysis of Banks, Banking Sector of Pakistan, Financial Performance

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References


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