ANALYSIS OF VIOLATION OF CHILD RIGHTS IN CARPET INDUSTRIES OF SINDH WITH ESPECIAL FOCUS ON DISTRICT THARPARKER

Shabana Tunio, Ghulam Ali Buriro

Abstract


Child labor as defined by ILO & UNICEF is doing any kind of labor paid or unpaid by children of age up to 15 years old, which deprives a child from getting education. Large numbers of underdeveloped and less developed countries of world are faced with this social evil and Pakistan is one of them. Children are
engaged in various types of works, but this paper only focuses the child labor in carpet industry of District Tharparker, Sindh. From sociological point of view situation is analyzed and important recommendations are forwarded to eradicate child labor from Sindh, Pakistan. Main purpose of this study is to analyze child labor situation in District Tharparker, Sindh,  to analyze the working
conditions of children working in carpet industry and socioeconomic causes
behind the child labor. Study also attempts to find out valuable remedies to tackle this issue. Achieve the purpose of this study comprehensive review of literature is performed by using keywords child labor, violation of human rights, international and national organizations working to eliminate child labor, and carpet industry in Sindh. Primary data is collected by interview schedule from children and parents of children engaged in child labor in carpet industry of Tharparker, Sindh. Results indicated that large numbers of children work in carpet industry of Tharparker district of Sindh. Working conditions are hazardous, affects the health and causes various health problems like body pain, hand injuries and eye sight loss. Children could not join school due to carpet weaving work. Therefore, it is concluded that child rights are violated in all of their forms in carpet weaving industry of district Tharparker.


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ISSN 2521 – 5515